The principles of drought tolerant landscaping can be applied to any garden, old or new, to greatly improve its water efficiency. Water-conserving landscaping is called a xeriscape.
There are seven key guidelines for xeriscaping. You can create beautiful, colorful, and shady outdoor spaces using native and desert-adapted plants.
The seven tenets of xeriscape design are:
Responsible Water Use
Get started on your site by drawing up some plans. The areas around your house should be used in ways that complement your lifestyle. Figure out where the sun and shade are, where the slopes and flat areas are, and where there are air currents. After that, separate your land into zones that require high, medium, and low amounts of water.
Position any lounge space close to your home, where it will get the most use and take advantage of shade, coolness, and aesthetics.
The perimeter of your property is likely to use the least amount of water, and could even feature some of the native plants that are already there. Plants in this zone require very little maintenance after they have become established.
The middle area serves as a link between the extremes, and its water consumption is somewhere in the middle. Grouping plants together based on their similarity in light, water, and care needs can improve irrigation efficiency and cut down on upkeep
Low Water Plants
Many different types of low-water-use plants are available in California. The plant lists provided here offer a diverse collection of such vegetation. Selecting the right tree is important if you want it to provide you with years of shade. Your home can benefit from their shade in the summer and from the sun’s warmth in the winter if you strategically place them.
Shrubs can be used as an accent or as a privacy screen, while groundcovers and wildflowers can be used to add color and texture to the landscape.
It’s a good idea to go check out some local xeriscapes that have turned out well.
Curb Your Grassy Spaces
Since grass consumes the most water and necessitates the most upkeep, it should be used only in areas where it serves a practical purpose. Maybe a good groundcover would be a better option than actual grass if you just want a carpet of green for aesthetic purposes.
Grass should be used in high-traffic areas but avoided on slopes and other difficult-to-care-for spots.
Wildflowers, native grasses, and other drought-resistant ground covers are excellent alternatives for low-traffic areas that could benefit from seeding.
Methods for Collecting Rainwater
Improve your landscaping’s water efficiency by using water-collecting features. This entails nothing more complicated than diverting rainwater to a garden or a storage tank.
Sloped sidewalks and terraces, roof water collection, contouring lawns and other sloped areas, and rock “river” channels are just a few of the easy ways to channel runoff to where it’s needed.
Mounds of earth, called berms, built along the property line can also be used to collect and store runoff. Put plants where they can get the most out of this supplemental watering.http://www.rainwaterhog.com/
Well Planned Irrigation System
Try using drip irrigation for individual plants and spray irrigation for grass if you want to get the best results. Drip irrigation is better than other ways to water plants because it gets water right to the roots and doesn’t let water evaporate.
To get the most out of your irrigation system, you should use a timer or controller and adjust the timing frequently, especially after it rains. Locate plants with similar watering requirements and root systems together. This will prevent the needless wastage of irrigation water on shallow-rooted plants like groundcovers so that deeper-rooted plants like trees can thrive.
Low-volume spray heads should be used because most soils cannot absorb water as fast as a spray irrigation system pumps it out.
Lastly, remember to use water sparingly. It’s important to water deeply and frequently. Because of this, the roots of the plants will get stronger, making them better able to survive dry times. It is best to water first thing in the morning when evaporation is at a minimum.
Spread mulch around the base of plants to keep the soil from washing away, stop weeds from growing, and keep the soil moist.
Soil compaction and salt buildup are two additional issues that mulch can help with. Compost, bark chips, and inert materials like decomposed granite and river rock are common examples of mulch.
Maintain Your Garden
Your xeriscape will cut down on your water consumption and your time spent maintaining the landscape. But you’ll still have to do some maintenance. You won’t see the water savings or beauty if you skimp on maintenance.
Use a fertilizer with a prolonged release time. It’s important to keep in mind that many xeriscape plants can get by with no fertilizer at all. You should aerate and thatch your lawn to increase infiltration and decrease runoff. Remove weeds that waste precious water and fertilizer.
Set up a regular maintenance schedule to check for leaks and broken parts in your irrigation system. If there is a problem, shut down the system until it can be fixed.
Water is one of the most valuable resources on Earth. Using it wisely in landscaping that saves water helps protect this valuable resource and lets you enjoy beautiful outdoor spaces. By using xeriscape principles, you can create beautiful, colorful, and shaded outdoor spaces using native and non-native drought tolerant landscape.
Drought Tolerant Landscaping Needs Planning
You can retrofit your current home. That’s always an option. However, if you are already planning any remodeling, mention your interest in xeriscaping. Infrastructure is much easier to design from the start and leads to better outcomes. Drafting Cafe Architects embraces energy efficient design in all parts of your home. When you are ready, tell us about your project ideas. We always have time to give you an estimate.